New PDF release: A History of the Middle East

By Peter Mansfield

ISBN-10: 0143121901

ISBN-13: 9780143121909

The definitive heritage of the center East, completely revised and up to date via 2012

some of the most an important, risky, and intricate areas of the trendy international, the center East has lengthy confounded the goals of conquerors and peacemakers alike. This now-classic booklet, absolutely up to date to 2012 and nonetheless the fundamental paintings at the topic, follows the ancient struggles of the center East from Napoleon’s crusade in Egypt and Syria, throughout the gradual decline and fall of the Ottoman Empire, to the Israeli-Palestinian clash and the historical past of Islam and its fresh resurgence.

For this fourth version, Economist correspondent Nicolas Pelham contributes an in depth new part interpreting fresh advancements in the course of the center East, together with the invasions of Iraq and Afghanistan, the placement in Iran, the region’s family with the U.S. below President Obama, the Arab Spring, and more.

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Extra info for A History of the Middle East

Example text

In fact the Byzantine, Abbasid and Fatimid Empires were all in a state of decline in the first half of the eleventh century, when a new force burst on the scene. Oghuz Turkish nomads from central Asia, who became known as Seljuks, after one of their chiefs, invaded Persia and in 1050 captured Baghdad, reducing the Abbasid caliph to the status of a vassal. In 1071, they took Syria and Palestine and drove the Fatimids back to Egypt. By the end of the century the Seljuk Empire included Persia, Mesopotamia, Syria and Palestine.

In 1187 the Kurdish leader Saladin recovered Jerusalem (and, in contrast to the crusaders eighty-eight years previously, spared the lives of those who surrendered). Further crusades were launched in the following century which enabled the diminished Christian states on the coast of Syria and Palestine to survive for a time, but after little more than two centuries they had disappeared. Apart from a few magnificent castles and some of their blood through intermarriage, the crusaders left little which endured.

The Mongol threat was far greater than that of the Christian crusaders, but it was also short-lived.

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A History of the Middle East by Peter Mansfield

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