By Scott D. Haldeman, William H. Kirkaldy-Willis, Thomas N. Bernard Jr., B. Wilks
The explanations of again discomfort, the commonest of all consultations, fluctuate significantly, accordingly making actual prognosis specially very important. Written by means of a staff of extremely popular scientists with an unlimited adventure of the topic, An Atlas of again soreness not just explains tips to be sure the underlying explanations of your patients' stipulations but additionally describes a few of the healing procedures available.
This colour atlas offers you an simply obtainable consultant to all elements of again ache and its differential prognosis. Richly illustrated, it includes greater than a hundred thirty X-rays, CT scans, MRI pictures, and colour photographs of either pathology and surgical procedure. It presents supportive textual content that expertly describes the strategies and techniques and targeted captions for every representation that improve the book's worth as an atlas-text for educating, residency education, and medical perform. those beneficial properties and extra make An Atlas of again ache the source you'll succeed in for for those who want details quick.
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Extra info for An Atlas of Back Pain
Axial computed tomogram demonstrates thickening of the L3 neural arch and a lesion with a central nidus (b) ARACHNOIDITIS a the neural elements. If allowed to progress, vertebral osteomyelitis commonly occurs with further destruction and collapse of the vertebral body. Tuberculosis of the spine and paraspinal tissues is not very common in developed nations, but remains a substantial cause of spinal pain and deformity in certain countries with limited medical facilities. Tubercular lesions can result in abscess formation and reactive changes within bones and ligaments.
If these tears are oriented in a radial fashion, the nucleus pulposus may migrate through the tear, causing a protrusion of the disc beyond its natural borders. This can occur as an acute process in a healthy disc given sufficient force. Degenerated discs that already have some degree of annular tearing, usually in a circumferential pattern, have less elastic proteoglycans and are less able to withstand these forces. 1 Central disc herniation Transverse section at the L5–S1 level showing a disc herniation centrally encroaching on the central canal, causing stenosis.
Degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. Semin Spine Surg 1999;11:28 Iqbal MM. Osteoporosis: epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment. S Med J 2000;93:2 Kaplan FS, Singer FR. Paget's disease of bone: pathophysiology, diagnosis and management. J Am Acad Orthopaed Surg 1995;3:336 Lonstein JE. Natural history and non-operative decision making for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Semin Spine Surg 1997;9:68 ©2002 CRC Press LLC Southern EP, An HS. Classification, diagnosis, radiography, natural history, and conservative treatment of spondylolisthesis.
An Atlas of Back Pain by Scott D. Haldeman, William H. Kirkaldy-Willis, Thomas N. Bernard Jr., B. Wilks