Read e-book online Arabische Dialektgeographie: Eine Einfuhrung (Handbook of PDF

By Manfred Woidich Peter Behnstedt

ISBN-10: 143370627X

ISBN-13: 9781433706271

ISBN-10: 9004141308

ISBN-13: 9789004141308

This quantity is the 1st complete and systematic description of the dialect geography of the Arabic language which investigates the equipment and insights constructed within the eu context and the way those might be utilized to the area of Arabic. It additionally offers in short with the issues of the old improvement of the trendy Arabic dialects. With assistance from 112 maps it examines issues similar to sorts of maps, interpretation of maps, areal norms and their importance for Arabic and defining dialect borders. For the 1st time dialectometrical systems are utilized to Arabic dialects. it may be used as a realistic advent into Arabic dialect geography simply because furthermore it discusses generally equipment of designing dialect geography maps a investigational recommendations within the box.

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Additional resources for Arabische Dialektgeographie: Eine Einfuhrung (Handbook of Oriental Studies - Handbuch der Orientalistik)

Example text

Sein Beispiel *qatalahu “er tötete ihn” ‡ Syrisch-Arabisch ’atalo, suggeriert freilich, daƒ das ausgefallene -h- nach Vokal steht. m. im Damaszenischen überzeugend darlegt, handelt es sich hier weder um den Verlust eines postkonsonantischen noch eines intervokalischen, sondern um den Verlust des nach Abfall der auslautenden Kurzvokale finalen /h/: (*-uhu ·) -uh · -oh · -o15. m. nach Konsonant läƒt sich somit kaum als Merkmal des Neuarabischen anführen. 10. Verlust der Genusunterscheidung in den 2.

Eine 1 “Gegen Ende des 19. Jh. aufgekommendes Denkmodell, wonach sich sprachl. Veränderungen gleichsam wie Wellen über Raum und Zeit hinweg ausbreiten und so allmählich zur Diversifikation von Einzelspr. führen”. METZLER (1993) 688. 2 Vgl. ” ARABISCHE VS. EUROPÄISCHE DIALEKTGEOGRAPHIE 35 sprachliche Neuerung kann sich auf diese Weise entlang eines bedeutenden Verkehrsweges schneller verbreiten. Sie kann von Ort zu Ort ‘springen’ oder ‘ausstrahlen’. Umgangsdeutsch ‘doof’ = ‘blöd’ ¢ plattdeutsch ‘doof’ = hochdeutsch ‘taub’ ist nicht allmählich von Nordddeutschland in den südddeutschen Raum von Ort zu Ort gewandert, sondern hat sich um 1900 von Berlin aus in der Umgangssprache verbreitet.

Jhdt. nicht-arabische (südsemitische) Sprachen und Dialekte bzw. Mischdialekte (Áimyaritisch, vgl. VERSTEEGH (1997) 38) gesprochen wurden nach dem Zeugnis von AL-HAMDÅNÈ, s. ROBIN (1991-3) 83 Karte 6, tut das der ©Arabiyya des Jemen keinen Abbruch; vgl. auch die Kennzeichnung vieler Gegenden durch ihn im 10. , wonach in ihnen ‘gutes Arabisch’ gesprochen wurde. Koineisierungstendenzen in den Handelsorten kann man auch schon in vorislamischer Zeit durchaus gelten lassen24. Die Dialekte nicht nur des Jemen, sondern auch Saudi-Arabiens (insbesondere ©AsÚr) weisen noch sehr viele konservative Züge auf, Erhalt des ‘glottal stop’ in jemenitischen Dialekten, Interdentale, punktuell Unterscheidung der Reflexe von *∂ und *‹, Diphthonge, konservative Silbenstruktur und Vokalismus, lange Vokale im Auslaut.

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Arabische Dialektgeographie: Eine Einfuhrung (Handbook of Oriental Studies - Handbuch der Orientalistik) by Manfred Woidich Peter Behnstedt

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