By Henry Sokolski, Patrick Clawson
CONTENTS Preface Patrick Clawson advent Henry Sokolski Checking Iran's Nuclear objectives: record strategies NPEC undertaking on Iran Iran's "Legal" Paths to the Bomb Victor Gilinsky Iran's inner Struggles GeneiveAbdo The customers for Regime switch in Iran S. Rob Sobhani profitable Iranian Hearts and Minds Abbas William Samii U.S.-Iranian Strategic Cooperation when you consider that 1979 Geoffrey Kemp The demanding situations of U.S. Preventive army motion Michael Eisenstadt in regards to the Authors
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Extra info for Checking Iran's Nuclear Ambitions
Unlike Iraq, which tried (and failed) to produce nuclear explosives by means of a secret 26 nuclear weapons project outside of the “declared” sector subject to IAEA inspections, Iran has skillfully exploited the weakness of the NPT. There is nothing illegal from the point of view of the Treaty, for example, in separating plutonium from irradiated reactor fuel, or in producing enriched uranium, so long as the facilities are accessible to IAEA inspectors. Since obtaining the nuclear explosive material is the most difficult part of making a bomb, this permissiveness allows a would-be bombmaker to get very close to his goal.
15 Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) congressional testimony at about the same time conveys pretty much the same message: Work continues on the construction of a 1,000-megawatt nuclear power reactor at Bushehr that will be subject to International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards. 16 Plutonium from Bushehr (in fact, from all LWRs) is more significant for weapons use than generally appreciated. 17 As mentioned earlier, the difficulty of extracting such plutonium from the radioactive spent fuel in which it is embedded has also been exaggerated.
To show why this is the case, I will present a complex, interrelated set of religious, social and political factors shaping the nation’s destiny. These include: the essence and dynamics of the ruling clerical caste, which is deeply divided among “hard-liners,” “reformers,” and quietist “traditionalists”; the structure of the Islamic state and the extraordinary concentration of executive and supervisory powers in the hands of the appointed supreme clerical leader; the failure of “internal reform” led by President Mohammad Khatami; and the complete lack of any legitimate or credible opposition political movement or cohesive ideological challenge to 39 the current Islamic political system.
Checking Iran's Nuclear Ambitions by Henry Sokolski, Patrick Clawson