By Michael Meer
This quantity deals a severe exam of contemporary theories about the progress of biblical literature within the mild of the oldest textual witnesses (the Qumran biblical scrolls and the Septuagint). at the foundation of a clean exam of a range of passages within the e-book of Joshua, it really is proven that those witnesses don't mirror a degree within the literary formation of the booklet sooner than the standardised (Masoretic) textual content, yet a reinterpretation and reformulation of its contents. The learn offers a brand new literary-critical way to the complicated difficulties of Joshua eight and a close exegesis of the Greek model of Joshua 1 and five. Of targeted curiosity for Qumran students is the hot reconstruction of 4QJoshua-a.
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Extra resources for Formation and Reformulation: The Redaction of the Book of Joshua in the Light of the Oldest Textual Witnesses
The first four fascicles, containing LXXJosh. 1: 1-19:38, were published between 1931 and 1938 in Paris. The fifth fascicle containing the rest of the book (LXX-Josh. 19:39-24:33) was thought to have been lost during the Second World War, but rediscovered on photostat negatives in 1981 by E. Tov and published in Philadelphia in 1992, see E. Tov, The Discovery of the Missing Part of Margolis' Edition of Joshua, in BIOSCS 14 (1981), pp. 17-21; E. Tov, The Fifth Fascicle of Margolis' The Book of Joshua in Greek, in JQR 74 (1984), pp.
As a result, this recent type of research in the book of Joshua is still in its initial stages. Of course the differences between LXX-Joshua and MTJoshua had been noted before and evaluated in different ways during previous generations of biblical scholarship, but studies addressing the question of the redaction-critical value of this witness remained restricted in number, have been written in hardly accessible publications, and up to now have not been collected in a comprehensive history of research.
8:29 and 9: 1 in MT disturbs the context and the sequence of Josh. 8:29 to 9: 1 (9:3). The latter example especially makes clear that there is every reason to assurne that the divergencies between the oldest textual witnesses of this biblical composition, LXX:Joshua, 4QJosha, and MT-Joshua, are the result of editorial activity. On the basis of these data and their analogies with the textual data from the book ofJeremiah, E. Tov refers to the book ofJoshua as a second example 18 CHAPTER üNE of overlap between textual and literary criticism.
Formation and Reformulation: The Redaction of the Book of Joshua in the Light of the Oldest Textual Witnesses by Michael Meer