By Kourosh Ahmadi
The place of the Persian Gulf because the major road among East and West has lengthy given this sector targeted value either in the heart East and in international affairs extra often. This publication examines the heritage of diplomacy within the Gulf because the 1820s as nice powers comparable to Britain and the united states, and neighborhood powers reminiscent of Iran and Iraq, vied for supremacy over this geopolitically very important sector. It specializes in the fight for keep watch over over the islands of the Gulf, specifically the 3 islands of Abu Musa, higher Tunb and Lesser Tunb – a subject matter that continues to be hugely contentious this day. It describes how for a hundred and seventy years Britain eroded Iranian impact within the Gulf, either at once through saying colonial rule over Iranian islands and port districts, and likewise via claiming Iranian islands for his or her protégés at the Arab littoral. It exhibits how, after Britain's withdrawal, those islands turned a pawn within the animosity and clash that pitted, at one time, Arab radicals and nationalists opposed to monarchical Iran, and, later, the conservative-moderate Arab camp opposed to Islamic Iran. It is going directly to discover the effect of the increase of yank energy within the Gulf because the commence of the Nineties, its coverage of containment of Iran and Iraq, and the way this has supplied encouragement to the goals of the Persian Gulf Arab littoral states, in particular the UAE, in the direction of the islands of the Gulf.
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Extra info for Islands and International Politics in the Persian Gulf: The Abu Musa and Tunbs in Strategic Context
These fears for the security of India resulted in the seceding of more Iranian territory in favour of British vassals in the area. At the same time, the British were contemplating construction of a telegraphic line between England and India, with a portion to be laid along the Persian coast in the direction of Karachi. A major decision was whether or not to approach Tehran 28 Pax Britannica in the Persian Gulf for permission to run the line through those districts over which Iran claimed suzerainty.
22 An Iranian navy in the Persian Gulf The Iranian decision to create a naval force in the 1880s troubled the British, as they had always suppressed the emergence of any rival naval force in the Persian Gulf. The lack of credible Iranian naval force had made Iranian possessions vulnerable and was one of the factors inviting encroachment on Iranian sovereignty in the area. The British reacted adversely and did not spare any efforts to scuttle the plan. As Lord Curzon indicates, about the year 1865, the Shah had proposed the idea of a Persian naval flotilla in the Gulf to consist of two or three steamers manned by Indian or Arab crews and commanded by an English naval officer.
As a result, Persia became more entangled in the Anglo-Russian rivalry. Russia’s position in Iran was perceived by the British to be more menacing than ever and Britain was fearful of the Russians expanding their influence in northern Iran and establishing themselves on the Persian Gulf through Iran, placing them in a position to mount either a land or a sea attack on India. The perceived Russian drive toward the Persian Gulf picked up momentum during the years 1899–1903, when Britain was preoccupied with the great imperial and international crisis caused by the Boer War in South Africa.
Islands and International Politics in the Persian Gulf: The Abu Musa and Tunbs in Strategic Context by Kourosh Ahmadi