By Sugata Bose
In addition to being a good contribution to Indian fiscal and social background, this ebook attracts vital conclusions approximately peasant politics usually and concerning the results of overseas fiscal fluctuations on fundamental generating nations. Dr Bose develops a common typology of structures of agrarian construction in Bengal to teach how those replied to types of strain from the realm economic system, and treats intimately the results of the realm melancholy on Bengal. Separate chapters are dedicated to the topics of agrarian clash and spiritual strife in east Bengal, the agrarian measurement of mass nationalism in west Bengal and sharecroppers agitations within the frontier areas. the realization makes an attempt a synthesis of the typology of agrarian social constitution and the periodisation of peasant politics, putting this within the wider context of agrarian societies and protest in different components of India and in South-east Asia.
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Additional resources for Agrarian Bengal: Economy, Social Structure and Politics, 1919-1947
In the 50 years from 1881 to 1931, the population rose by 88% in Chittagong division, 60% Report put it, 'almost entirely to a large surplus of births over deaths', Dacca SR (1910-17), p. 34. The Census reports of 1891, 1901, 1911 and 1921 bear this out. For the east Bengal region taken as a whole, immigration was not an important factor in demographic growth, but there was some internal movement from unhealthy to more salubrious areas and from over-populated to newly cleared jungle tracts. 18 Radhakamal Mukherji, Changing Face of Bengal, pp.
What then was the position of the 'jotedars' of these regions if they were not rich farmers of the north Bengal type? 43 Anyone in east Bengal with a 42 Faridpur SR, p. 27. 43 Mymensingh SR, p. 43. 7 727 Source: Report of the Land Revenue Commission, Bengal, Vol. 2 (1940), pp. 114-15. 2 Acreage classes of holdings in some west and central Bengal districts 0-1 District Midnapur (1911-17) Percentage of holdings to total holdings Birbhum (1924-32) Percentage of holdings to total holdings Percentage of area under holdings to total Average area of each holding Murshidabad (1924-32) Percentage of holdings to total holdings Percentage of area under holdings to total Average area of each holding Malda (1928-35) Percentage of holdings to total holdings Hooghly (1930-37) Percentage of holdings to total holdings Percentage of area under holdings to total Average area of each holding Howrah (1934-39) Percentage of holdings to total holdings Percentage of area under holdings to total Average area of each holding Source: District Settlement Reports.
55 In the wake of the malaria epidemics, the number of working members of raiyat families were often few and far between. The two classes, peasants and agricultural labourers, were consequently brought together in a necessary though unequal collaboration in order to sustain agricultural production. It was not unusual for caste peasants to lease land from the gentry on bhag and employ labourers who were supplied with the necessary plough-team and seeds. For west and central Bengal, the vision of self-cultivation by peasant smallholders has to be modified to take account of the fairly widespread use of tied and hired labour not only on the landlords' and rich peasants' considerable khas lands but also on peasant smallholdings.
Agrarian Bengal: Economy, Social Structure and Politics, 1919-1947 by Sugata Bose