By Ezzeddine Abdelmoula
Al Jazeera and Democratization analyses the expanding function of the media in political ameliorations with a distinct emphasis at the Arab international. Taking the Al Jazeera media community as a case research, the writer explains how attractive the general public and supplying systems for open debate and loose expression contributed to the emergence of a brand new shiny Arab public sphere.
The release of Al Jazeera in 1996 used to be an important occasion that ended in next adjustments either in Arab media and politics. between those alterations, the Arab spring is unquestionably the main amazing. This exceptional phenomenon has already led to political swap in a couple of nations and is predicted to generate a democratizing wave and reshape the face of the sector. The Arab spring presents us with a telling empirical instance the place the interaction among media and politics is appear. the general public sphere that has emerged out of this newly communicative setting has surely performed its position within the present political changes. during this context, Arab democratization isn't any longer an summary, it is vitally a constructing technique that wishes our awareness and calls for concerted scholarly efforts.
Highly topical, this ebook offers a clean theoretical viewpoint on Arab democratization in gentle of the Arab Spring, and is key analyzing for researchers and scholars of heart East Politics, Media stories and Democratization.
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Additional resources for Al Jazeera and Democratization: The Rise of the Arab Public Sphere
Craig Calhoun remarks that “the early bourgeois public spheres were composed of narrow segments of the European population, mainly educated, propertied men, and they conducted a discourse not only exclusive of others but prejudicial to the interests of those excluded” (Calhoun, 1992, p. 3). On the normative dimension of Habermas’s concept of the public sphere, Douglas Kellner casts doubt on the extent to which norms A critical assessment of the existing literature 33 of rationality or public opinion formed by rational debate contribute to democratic politics.
Familiar with the long-standing struggle for democracy in a region where experiments of written constitutions, elections and parliaments date back to the mid-nineteenth century, the author oﬀers what he calls an indigenous perspective on Arab democratization that is “historically situated, ﬂexible, contingent, fragmented, nuanced, non-linear, and variable” (Sadiki, 2009, p. viii). Along these lines, he analyses the Arab electoralism phenomenon or “the election fetishism” to use his own terms, noting that electoral activities in much of the Arab world seem to coexist with authoritarianism rather than reversing political singularity and loosening the tightly excessive executive power of the regimes in place.
63). Crucial to the transition approach is the division within the authoritarian regime, which creates openings for other political actors to become involved. “There is no transition whose beginning is not the consequence – direct or indirect – of important divisions within the authoritarian regime itself, principally along the ﬂuctuating cleavage between hard-liners and soft-liners” (O’Donnell and Schmitter, 1986, p. 19). The next major theoretic contribution to the transition approach after the works of O’Donnell, Schmitter and Whitehead is the “path dependence” developed by Juan Linz and Alfred Stepan.
Al Jazeera and Democratization: The Rise of the Arab Public Sphere by Ezzeddine Abdelmoula