This wide-ranging presentation of utilized superconductivity, from basics and fabrics correct as much as the main points of many functions, is a vital reference for physicists and engineers in educational learn in addition to in industry.
Readers searching for a entire review on uncomplicated results on the topic of superconductivity and superconducting fabrics will extend their wisdom and figuring out of either high and low Tc superconductors with admire to their software. know-how, education and characterization are lined for bulk, unmarried crystals, thins fi lms in addition to digital units, wires and tapes.
The major good thing about this paintings lies in its extensive assurance of important functions in magnets, strength engineering, electronics, sensors and quantum metrology. The reader will locate details on superconducting magnets for various purposes like particle physics, fusion examine, medication, and biomagnetism in addition to fabrics processing. SQUIDs and their utilization in drugs or geophysics are
thoroughly lined, as are superconducting radiation and particle detectors, points on superconductor electronic electronics, major readers to quantum computing and new units.
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Additional info for Applied Superconductivity: Handbook on Devices and Applications
Such experiments convincingly conﬁrmed the vortex structure predicted theoretically by Abrikosov. The question remains if the decorated locations at the surface indeed correspond to the ends of the ﬂux lines carrying only a single ﬂux quantum. In order to answer this question, we just have to count the number of ﬂux lines and also have to determine the total ﬂux, say, by means of an induction experiment. Then we ﬁnd the value of the magnetic ﬂux of a ﬂux line by dividing the total ﬂux Φtot through the sample by the number of ﬂux lines.
2) It could approach a ﬁnite limiting value (Heinrich Friedrich Ludwig Matthiesen, 1864). 3) It could pass through a minimum and approach inﬁnity at very low temperatures (William Lord Kelvin, 1902). In particular, the third possibility was favored by the idea that at suﬃciently low temperatures the electrons are likely to be bound to their respective atoms. Hence, their free mobility was expected to vanish. The ﬁrst possibility, according to which 1) Text and ﬁgures of this chapter are a short excerpt from monographs [1, 2].
There he said: “Allowing a correction for the additive resistance I came to the conclusion that probably the resistance of absolutely pure platinum would have vanished at the boiling point of helium” . These ideas were supported further by the quantum physics rapidly developing at that time. Albert Einstein had proposed a model of crystals, according to which the vibrational energy of the crystal atoms should decrease exponentially at very low temperatures. Since the resistance of highly pure samples, according to the view of Kamerlingh-Onnes (which turned out to be perfectly correct, as we know today), is only due to this motion of the atoms, his hypothesis mentioned above appeared obvious.
Applied Superconductivity: Handbook on Devices and Applications