By Debra A. Reid, Evan P. Bennett
The participants stroll readers via a century and a 1/2 African American agricultural heritage, from the strivings of black farm proprietors within the quick post-emancipation interval to the efforts of up to date black farm vendors to obtain justice throughout the courts for many years of discrimination through the U.S division of Agriculture. They exhibit that regardless of huge, immense hindrances, by way of 1920 1 / 4 of African American farm households owned their land, and display that farm possession used to be no longer easily a departure element for black migrants looking a greater existence yet a middle component to the African American experience.
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Additional resources for Beyond Forty Acres and a Mule: African American Landowning Families Since Reconstruction
Charles Reagan Wilson and William R. , Encyclopedia of Southern Culture (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1989). 5. Valerie Grim, “African American Landlords in the Rural South, 1870–1950: A Profile,” Agricultural History 72, no. 2 (Spring 1998): 399–416. 6. For a new study of contests over land between Native Americans, white Americans and African Americans in Oklahoma, see David A. Chang, The Color of the Land: Race, Nation, and the Politics of Landownership in Oklahoma, 1832–1929 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2010); for an article that discusses landownership among black people in the Midwest, see Debra A.
Notes Evan P. Bennett’s comments improved this introduction. I thank him for his clarity in editing and for his solid grounding in agricultural history. He and I hatched the idea for this collection at the 2006 American Historical Association meeting, and it could not have come to fruition without his support. I thank Shawn Hale for suggestions that improved this work, Sumner Hunnewell for indexing, and Jacqueline Wehrle for proofreading. 1. “Biography,” Dr. John W. html (accessed August 13, 2010).
Other crop cultures offered different opportunities. No region better illustrates the relationship between crop culture and farm-family potential than the bright tobacco area that straddled the Virginia and North Carolina border. Evan P. Bennett’s essay “Of the Quest of the Golden Leaf: Black 14 · Debra A. Reid Farmers and Bright Tobacco in the Piedmont South” focuses on the precarious position of landowning farmers, the role of tobacco agriculture in their lives, and the agrarian vision that resulted and rang as true during the 1930s as when voiced by the National Black Farmers Association in 2010.
Beyond Forty Acres and a Mule: African American Landowning Families Since Reconstruction by Debra A. Reid, Evan P. Bennett