By Jonathan J. Bean
Thomas Jefferson and Abraham Lincoln either thought of small company the spine of yank democracy and unfastened firm. In past the dealer kingdom, Jonathan Bean considers the impression of this ideology on American politics from the nice melancholy to the construction of the Small company management throughout the Eisenhower management. Bean's research of public coverage towards small company in this interval demanding situations the long-accepted definition of politics because the interaction of prepared curiosity teams, mediated via a "broker-state" executive. in particular, he highlights the unorganized nature of the small enterprise neighborhood and the ideological charm that small enterprise held for key participants of Congress. Bean makes a speciality of anti-chain-store laws starting within the Nineteen Thirties and at the institution of federal small enterprise enterprises within the Forties and Nineteen Fifties. in keeping with Bean, Congress, encouraged through the rhetoric of quandary, usually misinterpreted or misrepresented the possibility posed to small company from huge organisations, and consequently, protecting laws occasionally labored opposed to the pursuits it used to be intended to serve. regardless of this inaccurate reduction, argues Bean, small enterprise has proved to be a remarkably resilient, if nonetheless unorganized, strength.
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Extra info for Beyond the Broker State: Federal Policies Toward Small Business, 1936-1961 (Business, Society, and the State)
The trade association representing independent tire dealers lobbied for the passage of this act, and during the next quarter century the tire dealers and their congressional allies pressured the Federal Trade Commission to enforce the law. However, the relative prosperity of small tire dealers belied their crisis rhetoric. The tire dealers' influence in Congress was also limited by the ideological differences of small business advocates and the nearunanimous opposition of economists. " Chapter 3 examines the history of federal fair trade legislation from the passage of the Miller-Tydings Act (1937) to its repeal in 1975.
Series. U5B343 1996 96-10868 3386'42' 0973dc20 CIP 00 99 98 97 96 5 4 3 2 1 Page v TO MY LOVING WIFE, ALICE She kept my eyes on the prize, my nose to the grindstone, and my feet on the ground. Page vii Contents Acknowledgments xi Abbreviations xiii Introduction Small Business as the Backbone of Democracy 1 Chapter One The Robinson-Patman Act: The Magna Charta of Small Business 17 Chapter Two Minnows Cannot Compete with Whales: The Politics of Small Business in the Tire Industry, 1936-1961 37 Chapter Three Fair Trade: The Politics of Price Maintenance, 1937-1975 67 Chapter Four Congressional Small Business Advocates: The People behind the Politics 89 Chapter Five War and Peace: The Politics of Small Business in the 1940S 99 Page viii Chapter Six The Small Defense Plants Administration and the Creation of the Small Business Administration, 1951-1953 127 Chapter Seven The Small Business Administration Push-and-Pull Politics, 1953-1961 143 Conclusion Federal Government Policy and Small Business 165 Notes 179 Bibliography 247 Index 273 Page ix Illustrations "Buster Brown" takes on the mail-order business 25 Small businessmen and A&P 26 Anti-chain-store cartoon 29 Representative Wright Patman 93 Senators Robert A.
In sum, crisis and ideology were significant factors in determining the federal government's policies toward small business. But interest-group politics, bureaucratic rivalries, and the personal philosophies of American presidents also played important roles in determining the outcome of small business legislation. The interplay of these factors produced a complex chapter in the history of American government in the twentieth century. The Politics of Small Business: A Historiographical Review Until recently, most historians have ignored small business and focused almost exclusively on the history of big business in America.
Beyond the Broker State: Federal Policies Toward Small Business, 1936-1961 (Business, Society, and the State) by Jonathan J. Bean