By Zachary Lockman
Zachary Lockman's e-book bargains a extensive survey of the advance of Western wisdom approximately Islam and the center East. starting with historic Greek and Roman conceptions of the realm, Lockman is going directly to talk about ecu rules approximately Islam from its emergence within the 7th century, with specific recognition to the age of eu imperialism, the period of deepening American involvement during this sector, and the aftermath of the 11th of September terrorist assaults. alongside the way in which, he explores how students and others within the West have studied and depicted Islam and the center East, concentrating on the politics and controversies that experience formed heart East reviews within the usa over the last part century, together with the debates over Said's influential critique, Orientalism. His ebook relates a lot of modern-day serious matters, together with Muslim extremism, terrorism and usa coverage within the heart East, to their broader ancient and political contexts. Zachary Lockman is Professor of center jap reports and historical past at big apple collage and a member of the yankee ancient organization. He has been a Guggenheim fellow and Woodrow Wilson foreign middle for students fellow. His paintings contains Comrades and Enemies (University of California Press, 1996), employees and dealing periods within the center East, ed. (SUNY Press, 1993) and employees at the Nile (Princeton, 1987).
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The essays and case experiences gathered here--featuring the very best fabric from center East record over the last decade in addition to a lot unique material--challenge the facile generalizations approximately what Western media and political institutions often name "Islamic fundamentalism. " The authors exhibit the complexity of those activities and provide complementary and contrasting interpretations in their origins and value.
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Fawaz A. Gerges is professor of diplomacy and Emirates Professor in modern heart East reports on the London university of Economics and Political technological know-how. His many books contain the recent heart East, Obama and the center East, and The a ways Enemy. His writing has seemed within the long island occasions, the Washington submit, the dad or mum, international Affairs, and different publications.
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Extra resources for Contending Visions of the Middle East: The History and Politics of Orientalism (The Contemporary Middle East)
17 Pope Urban’s call elicited a strong response among western European Christians. Some joined the ensuing “crusade” (derived from the word “cross”) because of religious fervor and the promise of salvation; others hoped for adventure or personal gain. The Crusade offered an outlet for knights who lacked land of their own and was backed by Italian mercantile city-states like Venice and Genoa who hoped to win control of the lucrative trade with the East. For the pope the Crusade was a way to enhance the political and spiritual power of the church he led.
Translated Arabic writings on medicine, mathematics, astronomy and other sciences were for centuries used as textbooks in medieval Europe, while the writings of Muslim philosophers like Ibn Sina’ (980–1037, known in the West as Avicenna) and Ibn Rushd (1126–98, known as Averroes), and Jewish philosophers who wrote mainly in Arabic like Maimonides (Rabbi Moses ben Maimon, 1135–1204), were eagerly read and discussed and influenced several generations of medieval Christian philosophers and theologians.
25 Alongside (and in spite of) the efforts of the handful of scholars who sought to acquire some accurate understanding of what Muslims actually believed and the origins of their faith, there simultaneously emerged a much more widespread and thoroughly inaccurate portrait of Islam and its founder Muhammad. This portrait derived from the work of church scholars who drew on distorted readings of the Qur’an in translation, biographies of Muhammad and dubious secondary sources, from the often fanciful writings of Muslim or Jewish converts to Christianity, from the fantastic tales told by returning Crusaders, merchants and travelers, and from the fertile (and sometimes feverish) imaginations of poets and story-tellers.
Contending Visions of the Middle East: The History and Politics of Orientalism (The Contemporary Middle East) by Zachary Lockman