By William J. Jackson
Tyagaraja (1767-1847) is absolutely South India's such a lot celebrated musician-saint. His songs, impressive for his or her attractiveness in addition to for his or her sheer volume, were a resource of concept to numerous generations of Hindus. This examine makes an attempt to deepen our realizing of Tyagaraja's lifestyles and lyrics via offering clean insights into the that means this saint holds for South Indians. For the 1st time in Tyagaraja scholarship, the saint's existence and works were contextualized inside of a historic, social, and cultural framework. The ebook reconstructs the Maratha reign within the Kaveri delta in a accomplished demeanour, and attempts to set up hyperlinks among Tyagaraja's works and the afflicted background of this quarter. the amount additionally explores Tyagaraja's accomplishments as a composer, and includes devoted and energetic translations in English of 1 hundred sixty of Tyagaraja's lyrics.
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Extra resources for Tyagaraja: Life and Lyrics
Commentary The story of King Mrigi is retold in the Mahabharata. Briefly, the king raised his son, Rishyashringa, to have boy-like innocence, never touching a woman and avoiding all the usual shackles of material life. In much the same way that the Buddha was kept in his kingdom as a youth, just to protect him from the outside world, Rishyashringa became a powerful yogi, because his father sheltered him and kept him pure. As time passed, however, a neighboring kingdom found itself suffering from drought, and its leaders were informed that the unfortunate climate would lose its sway only if Rishyashringa stepped foot in their court.
It is difficult in this age to achieve perfection by engaging in other forms of yoga, which, even if perfected, only serve the purposes of those directly practicing it. Kirtan, however, is blissful and easy to perform, benefiting not only the practitioner but also anyone within earshot. It is open to all, whether plant or animal, child or accomplished spiritualist—any living being can either call out to his Maker with heart and soul or hear that calling on some level, thus achieving the perfection of yoga.
And, mystically, He appears to assume the identity of each. Commentary Although the previous verse compares saintly people to fire, here, the avadhuta Brahmin compares the Supreme Lord to that same element. His point is this: Greatly empowered beings, like demigods from higher planets, reflect the Lord’s qualities to a great degree, while humans may not. In animals, plants, and other organisms, the Lord’s presence may be less obvious still. But despite this fact, He is present in all living entities as their well-wisher, as their source, and as their constant companion.
Tyagaraja: Life and Lyrics by William J. Jackson