By D. Gary Miller
This research of complicated verb formation seeks to spot and make clear the way(s) within which a base verb turns into 'complex'. the writer rigorously considers either the syntactic and the morphological part of this question, and in doing so brings a wealth of information from very different languages to endure on claims made in regards to the dating among syntactic and morphological constitution. The paintings takes the novel place that the majority info admit of both a syntactic (Phrase constitution) or lexical research simply because either usually are legitimate — below varied conditions. either methods are continually defended in an try and illustrate the complementarity of the 2 and verify that is the higher formula for a given set of information. putting his research firmly within the context of historic linguistics, the writer indicates that it will be important to confess the potential of lexicalization. The booklet will pay awareness to many various viewpoints, and its price is extra more desirable by way of a 40-page bibliography. Miller's insightful therapy of questions of lexical decomposition, the connection of morphology to syntax, and the encoding of argument constitution on verbs make this a piece of the maximum significance for syntacticians in addition to morphologists.
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Additional resources for Complex Verb Formation
18. A minor problem for all of these theories is that there are formal differences between the PPP and the adjectival passive. Note, for instance, the split between learnèd (A) and learned (PPP), burnt/burned, joint/joined, proven/proved (cf. Lieber 1980:223). g. Swedish (Platzack 1980:52ff): tömd "emptied" : torn "empty"; öppnad "opened" : öppen "open"; tvingad "forced" : tvungen "forced"; etc. Moreover, the adjectival suffix, as one might expect, attaches to nouns and compounds: horned, bearded, striped; broad-shouldered, GENERAL ASSUMPTIONS 21 hard-hearted, goodnatured (cf.
Even in languages like Quechua in which logical scope relations are mostly determined by different affix orders (Muysken 1979, 1981, 1986), there are a number of fixed orders (Muysken 1988). This will be developed in chapter 2. Possible differences between (poly)synthetic and analytic languages make it entirely reasonable to suppose that there might be (POLY)SYNTHETIC affixes, which are neither inflectional nor derivational. Observe the West Greenlandic verb form in (11). " Note that the order of affixes is mirror-image of the order of words in the English translation (allowing for 'Aux-inversion' in English).
Person agr. INFL. &DERIV. LEXICAL 90% 56% 74% 50% 68% 66% 56% 28% 16% + + + (+) While all of these (and with few language-particular exceptions, only these) categories can be inflectional or derivational, they are one or the other (in varying degrees), and only valency (transitive, intransitive, causative), voice, and aspect are ever lexically encoded. Bybee also claims that number is never exclusively lexical in any language. Observe in (4) that the categories which are sometimes lexical are less likely to be inflectional.
Complex Verb Formation by D. Gary Miller