By Theodossia-Soula Pavlidou
This is often the 1st edited quantity committed particularly to first individual non-singular reference (‘we’). Its goal is to discover the interaction among the grammatical signifies that a language bargains for attaining collective self-reference and the socio-pragmatic – more often than not – features of ‘we’. along with an creation, which deals an summary of the issues and concerns linked to first individual non-singular reference, the quantity includes fifteen chapters that disguise languages as diversified as, e.g., Dutch, Greek, Hebrew, Cha’palaa and Norf’k, and diverse interactional and genre-specific contexts of spoken and written discourse. It, therefore, successfully demonstrates the complexity of collective self-reference and the variety of phenomena that turn into suitable while ‘we’ isn't tested in isolation yet in the context of located language use. The ebook may be of specific curiosity to researchers engaged on individual deixis and reference, own pronouns, collective identities, etc., yet also will attract linguists whose paintings lies on the interface among grammar and pragmatics, sociolinguistics, discourse and dialog research.
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Extra resources for Constructing Collectivity: "We" Across Languages and Contexts
G. a gathering of people (Lerner and Kitzinger 2007). In contrast to Group 1 and 2 collectivities, individual members of Group 3 collectivities are typically more prominent than individuals within Group 1 (for which specificity of membership is not usually salient in the discourse, only the class itself) or Group 2 collectivities (which vary in being construed as indexing individuals or the institutional class as a whole). 2 Functions and properties of collectivity types Of the 54 tokens of we-utterances in Group 1 (General collectivities), 72% are present tense and 91% are inclusive uses.
2 Data and methods The database constructed for this study consists of 664 utterances extracted from 33 nontask-based conversations among friends, family members, and acquaintances from the Santa Barbara Corpus of Spoken American English. Each of the 33 conversations is between 11 and 28 minutes, totaling 12 hours and 43 minutes of talk. The data represent the speech of 26 speakers of American English of different ages, ethnicities, genders, educational experiences, and occupations from different dialect areas of the United States.
On the other hand, exclusive uses often occur in narrative sequences in which speakers articulate activities they participated in with another person, or events for which they frame their participation as belonging to a collectivity. These formal and pragmatic differences in distributions of first person plural utterances in English provide a view of the kinds of social and interactional conventions that are associated with the expression of inclusiveness and exclusiveness using we in interactive discourse (Scheibman 2004).
Constructing Collectivity: "We" Across Languages and Contexts by Theodossia-Soula Pavlidou