By Jan-Ola Östman, Mirjam Fried
The proposal ‘construction’ has develop into integral in present-day linguistics and in language reviews more often than not. This quantity extends the conventional area of development Grammar (CxG) in numerous instructions, all with a cognitive foundation. Addressing a couple of matters (such as coercion, discourse patterning, language change), the contributions express how CxG needs to be half and parcel of cognitively orientated experiences of language, together with language universals. the quantity additionally offers informative debts of the way the inspiration ‘construction’ is constructed in ways which are conceptually just about, and comparatively suitable with, CxG: Conceptual Semantics, note Grammar, Cognitive Grammar, Embodied development Grammar, and Radical building Grammar.
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Extra info for CONSTRUCTION GRAMMARS: Cognitive Grounding and Theoretical Extensions
Lambrecht, Knud (1994). Information structure and sentence form. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Lambrecht, Knud & Kevin Lemoine (1998). Vers une grammaire des complements zero en francais parle. In Travauz linguistiques du Cerlico (pp. 279–309). Presses Universitaires de Rennes et Cerlico. Langacker, Ronald W. (1987). Foundations of cognitive Grammar, Vol. 1. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. Langacker, Ronald W. (1991). Foundations of cognitive grammar, Vol. 2. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
13 Animate participants are typically prominent in the discourse (cf. Clark 1978; Goldberg 1995), and therefore normally need to be expressed in languages like English that require the expression of prominent participants, whether recoverable or not. In the special discourse context captured by the DOC construction, they can, as expected, be made less prominent, and therefore omitted: Adele E. Goldberg (33) The proud owner of 65 cats, Pat patted and stroked all day. (34) Clarisa always caressed with a light touch.
The chef-in-training chopped and diced all afternoon. Tigers only kill at night. The singer always aimed to dazzle/please/disappoint/impress/charm. Pat gave and gave, but Chris just took and took. These revolutionary new brooms sweep cleaner than ever (Aarts 1995: 85) The sewing instructor always cut in straight lines. Clearly each of the examples in (20a–f) retains its change of state meaning. Example (20a) designates a scene in which something was chopped and diced, thus undergoing a change of state.
CONSTRUCTION GRAMMARS: Cognitive Grounding and Theoretical Extensions by Jan-Ola Östman, Mirjam Fried