By Michael Palocz-Andresen
Within all parts of transportation, ideas for least expensive and environmentally pleasant know-how are being tested. gasoline intake, combustion approaches, keep watch over and difficulty of toxins within the exhaust fuel are technological difficulties, for which directions like 98/69/EC and 99/96 verify the procedures for the relief of gas intake and exhaust gasoline emissions. except technological recommendations, the implications of foreign laws and their results on environmental and weather safety within the sector of the transportation are discussed.
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Additional info for Decreasing Fuel Consumption and Exhaust Gas Emissions in Transportation: Sensing, Control and Reduction of Emissions
CNG is predominantly methane. For its use in motor vehicles, CNG must be dried, compressed to a pressure of 250 bar (522,136 lbf ft-2), and filled into the motor vehicle’s tank. Internal combustion engines must be adapted to be able to use CNG . 5 Main characteristics of diesel fuel Parameters Physical and chemical characteristics Cetane number Sediments Flash point Boiling point Heating value Viscosity Hydrodynamic lubrication Sulphur content Additives Diesel fuel must ignite after being injected into the hot combustion chamber with compressed air in the shortest possible time.
They must be compatible with kerosene and must have sufficient energy density, meet payload and range requirements, and must also be compatible with all metallic and non-metallic parts used in the fuel systems of jet engines, and must achieve adequate lubrication to ensure current safety standards. The introduction of alternative fuels require new storage and supply systems for current aircraft and airports. The limited availability of new fuels at several airports also requires a new quality of service for aircraft diverted by weather or mechanical problems.
Specific fuel consumption (thrust). wiki/Specific-fuel_consumption 6. Inland Shipping. org/Inland_Shipping 7. Ferry. org/wiki/Ferry References 11 8. Bunkerworld Forums (2006). +Vis/thread_22/ 9. Performing onboard diagnostic systems checks as part of vehicle inspection and maintenance program. EPA 420-R-01-015. June 2001 10. Friedrich A, Tappe M, Garms S, Palocz-Andresen M, Schroll S (1998) On-Board-Diagnose (OBD) und On-Board-Messung (OBM) im Kraftfahrzeug. WLB Wasser, Luft und Boden. 7–8, pp 46–48 11.
Decreasing Fuel Consumption and Exhaust Gas Emissions in Transportation: Sensing, Control and Reduction of Emissions by Michael Palocz-Andresen