Download e-book for iPad: Demoting the Agent: Passive, middle and other voice by Benjamin Lyngfelt, Torgrim Solstad

By Benjamin Lyngfelt, Torgrim Solstad

ISBN-10: 9027233608

ISBN-13: 9789027233608

Passives, middles, and different voice phenomena are matters on the center of contemporary linguistic examine. This quantity brings jointly diversified views on voice diverse theoretical viewpoints, varied languages, and other forms of voice phenomena. The 11 articles each one make a helpful contribution to the continued dialogue, providing new information, new analyses, and bringing new gentle to long-standing concerns. together, they current a multi-faceted and but coherent photograph of the themes to hand.

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Extra resources for Demoting the Agent: Passive, middle and other voice phenomena

Example text

An interesting alternative is to analyse the two passive forms as two distinct constructions in the sense of Construction Grammar (see Fillmore et al. 1988; Goldberg 1995). 24 This seems to be a plausible approach to some of the examples discussed in this article. One candidate construction is the impersonal passive in Swedish, where, as we have seen, the use of the construction entails a restriction on the understood subject, viz. that it be human, which is not present when the verb is used outside this construction.

Total Danish Norwegian Swedish 28 25 73 27 153 12 40 73 24 149 1 4 1 1 7 vara-passives. In Swedish an overwhelming 91% are s-passives and only 1% are bli-passives. The Danish and Norwegian distribution seems to fit quite well with the claims discussed above, viz. that there are certain contexts where only s-passives can be used. , whether the reporting is objective or subjective, according to Heltoft and Falster Jakobsen (1996) (see also Heltoft 1994). However, the Swedish distribution does not fit this picture.

B. Det arbetas från morgon till kväll. ” (35) a. Det dricks mycket öl (*av studenterna). ” b. Det dricks mycket öl bland studenterna. ” In impersonal passives the agent may not be expressed in an av-phrase in the core clause. 18 (34a) cannot be used to describe a situation where for instance a lot of birds were singing in the barns. 19 As far as I am aware, this construction is only used with verbs that denote events that can be perceived through the senses. The source of the perception may be indirectly expressed as a circumstantial adverbial.

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Demoting the Agent: Passive, middle and other voice phenomena by Benjamin Lyngfelt, Torgrim Solstad

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