By J. Toyota
During this quantity on the historical improvement of the passive voice in English, the most argument offers not just with the passive consistent with se, but in addition with its comparable structures, that could play important elements in deciding on either useful and structural motivations for developing the passive.
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Extra resources for Diachronic Change in the English Passive (Palgrave Studies in Language History and Language Change)
Let us examine some actual examples. Consider first an example of determinable case (23). In this example, the main concerns are durativity and egressive aspect. Thus, tests ii and iii in the Appendix can be most useful. For example, the act of burying is not ongoing, and we can insert the verb finish: He finished being buried. This will prove egressive aspect. As for durativity, unacceptable insertion of durative adverbials, as in ∗ He was buried for three hours, rules it out. The adverb still, as in He was still buried, is acceptable out of context, but (23) is concerned with the act of burial, not the resulting state of burial, and the use of still is not appropriate to this case.
However, past participles of monovalent verbs are excluded due to the lack of valency-decreasing operation created by passivisation. Also, a morphological passive hatan ‘be called’ in OE and ME is not included in this data, since we are focusing on the periphrastic construction. In some instances, we can observe coordinated auxiliary deletion, as in The birthday cake was brought in to the living room,– cut into pieces and– distributed among the children. The auxiliary was is supposed to be repeated in front of past participles cut and distributed (as indicated by– ), but it is deleted.
J5 1:1) (31) This tendencyis reinforced by the personifying drive in Schiller himself, and runs counter to that important systematic idea which is emerging, that conceptual activity is somehow implicit or submerged in aesthetic experience, without however belonging to the fabric of that experience as it appears in consciousness. 2 Adjectival passive The subject is the actor, but the degree of volitionality is quite low and the outer cause is totally absent. g. be accustomed to (34). See also earlier examples (15) to (17).
Diachronic Change in the English Passive (Palgrave Studies in Language History and Language Change) by J. Toyota